what is coarse aggregate

  • Exposed Aggregate Concrete - Decorative Coarse Agglomerate

    Coarse Agglomerate or Exposed Aggregate finish is a popular choice in residential, retail, and dining areas for its unique decorative and stylish look. On top of that, it is the most expensive technique, as more labor is involved and needs heavier grinding.

  • Material Codes for Aggregate (03-22-0745)

    fine aggregate (concrete sand) 471: 571; 671: 771: 871: grade a coarse aggr (gravel) for concrete: 473: 573; 673: 773: 873: grade a coarse aggregate (recycled pcc) for concrete: 472: 572; 672: 772: 872: grade a coarse aggregate (stone) for concrete: 474: 574; 674: 774: 874: grade b coarse aggregate (gravel) for concrete *** *** 600: 700 ...


    Jul 07, 2014· A coarse aggregate which has the sizes of particles mainly belonging to a single sieve size is known as single size aggregate. For example 20 mm single size aggregate mean an aggregate most of which passes 20 mm IS sieve and its major portion is retained on 10 mm IS sieve.

  • Different Types & Sizes of Aggregate for Concrete ...

    Aug 11, 2018· Coarse aggregates are particulates that are greater than 9.5mm. The usual range employed is between 9.5mm and 37.5mm in diameter. Typically the most common size of aggregate used in construction is 20mm. A larger size, 40mm, is more common in mass concrete. Larger aggregate diameters reduce the quantity of cement and water needed because of its ...

  • Road Aggregate 101: Important Stuff

    Road Aggregate 101: Nominal maximum and/or minimum sized stone in mix The nominal size distribution of an aggregate specification is defined as the range of sieve openings through which of the aggregate can pass. Road Aggregate 101: Gradation or distribution of different sized stones Open graded aggregate vs. well graded aggregate.

  • Aggregates | Difference Between Coarse And Fine | How to ...

    Feb 13, 2021· Coarse aggregates are a construction component made of rock quarried from ground deposits. Examples of these kinds of ground deposits include river gravel, crushed stone from rock quarries, and previously used concrete. Coarse aggregates are generally categorized as rock larger than a standard No. Difference Between Coarse and Fine.

  • Shape, Size - Coarse Aggregates

    Coarse Aggregate (Gravel) Uncrushed gravel or stone which is the result of natural disintegration and crushed gravel or stone are usually called the Coarse Aggregates. As mentioned earlier, coarse aggregates are stones that are retained on 4.75mm sieve. Nearly all natural aggregates

  • Standard Classification for Sizes of Aggregate for Road

    1.1 This classification defines aggregate size number desig-nations and standard size ranges for mechanical sieve analyses of coarse aggregate and screenings for use in the construction and maintenance of various types of highways and bridges. 1.2 UnitsThe values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard.


    coarse and fine aggregate sources and ensuring there is an adequate supply of each. Where practical, multiple aggregate sources (coarse and fine) should be used. Using multiple aggregate sources allows more control during mix design and, ultimately, during production.

  • Fundamentals of Concrete

    maximum size coarse aggregate and the fineness modulus of the fine aggregate, the weight of the coarse aggregate needed per unit volume of concrete mix can be estimated. FINENESS MODULUS (FM) - The fineness modulus (FM) is a factor obtained by adding the percentages of material in a sample of aggregate that is retained on each of the

  • Coarse Aggregate - Its 5 [ Grading & Shapes ]

    Apr 13, 2020· 1.4 Uses Of Coarse Aggregate: Concrete is made of many components but mostly made up of a material called coarse aggregates and they are one of the essential components of concrete and occupy large volumes in the mix.

  • 4 Aggregate Specifications and Requirements

    COARSE AGGREGATES Section 904.03 defines the acceptable limits for all uses of coarse aggregates. Coarse aggregates are divided into classes based on quality requirements as noted in the Classification of Aggregates table. Class AP is the highest class and is assigned to aggregates which m eet the requirements for all INDOT uses.

  • What is Fineness Modulus of Coarse Aggregates and Its ...

    Coarse aggregate means the aggregate which is retained on 4.75mm sieve when it is sieved through 4.75mm. To find fineness modulus of coarse aggregate we need sieve sizes of 80mm, 40mm, 20mm, 10mm, 4.75mm, 2.36mm, 1.18mm, 0.6mm, 0.3mm and 0.15mm. Fineness modulus is the number at which the average size of particle is known when we counted from ...

  • Aggregates - Portland Cement Association

    Coarse aggregates are any particles greater than 0.19 inch, but generally range between 3/8 and 1.5 inches in diameter. Gravels constitute the majority of coarse aggregate used in concrete with crushed stone making up most of the remainder. Natural gravel and sand are usually dug or dredged from a pit, river, lake, or seabed.

  • Aggregate Sizing Explained - Chaney Enterprises

    Jan 15, 2016· Aggregate Sizing Explained. The term aggregates as used in the construction industry is a broad category of coarse and fine particulate material including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, recycled concrete, and geosynthetic aggregates and are actually the most mined materials in the world. Aggregate serves as a reinforcement to add ...

  • Aggregates for Concrete - Memphis

    blast-furnace slag is also used as fine or coarse aggregate. The aggregates are usually washed and graded at the pit or plant. Some variation in the type, quality, cleanli-ness, grading, moisture content, and other properties is expected. Close to half of the coarse aggregates used in portland cement concrete in North America are gravels;

  • 5 Aggregate Specifications and Requirements

    Coarse Aggregates All Coarse Aggregates A special requirement placed on all coarse aggregates deals with the restriction on the number of flat and elongated pieces. Section 904.03 sets the limits for the number of flat and elongated pieces. A flat and elongated piece is defined as one having a ratio of length to thickness greater than five.


    Mar 16, 2018· Fine and coarse aggregates comprise the largest portion of concrete, commonly 60 percent to 75 percent by volume. It is in the coarse aggregates that pyrrhotite is most concerning in regard to durability. Reactive Aggregates in Concrete. Pyrrhotite expansion can be considered an aggregate durability issue (CSA 2014).

  • Aggregate Sizing Explained - Chaney Enterprises

    Jan 15, 2016· Coarse aggregate can be described as uncrushed, crushed, or partially crushed gravel or stone. This type of aggregate is described as how it is graded. For example, ¾ nominal size graded aggregate means that most of the aggregate passes a 3/4 sieve.

  • Sieve Analysis of Coarse Aggregate: The Test Procedure ...

    For coarse aggregates, ASTM C136 specifies that mass retained in kg shouldnt exceed the product of 2.5 × (sieve opening, mm × (effective sieving area, m2)). Allow enough time on a sieve shaker or testing screen for complete separation. For materials that have not been processed previously, a rule of thumb is to weigh the fraction, process ...

  • What Is Coarse Aggregate | Requirements of Good Coarse ...

    Jan 05, 2021· Coarse Aggregate is one of the most important and massively used building material in the Construction Industry. Aggregate is one of the most important component parts of the concrete. Coarse Aggregates gives volume to the Concrete.


    Jun 27, 2014· The grading of coarse aggregate may be varied through wider limits than that of fine aggregates, since it does not affect the workability, uniformity and finishing qualities of concrete mix. As per IS-383 the grading limit of coarse aggregate, both for single size as well as graded should be as per the table given below. []

  • Aggregates - Martin Marietta

    Specialty Aggregate Products. Our specialty products fulfill a range of business and consumer needs, such as maintaining farm fields, providing golf course sand

  • A Detailed Guide on Grading of Aggregates.

    Grading of Aggregates. Grading of aggregates is determining the average grain size of the aggregates before they are used in construction. This is applied to both coarse and fine aggregates.The aggregate sample is sieved through a set of sieves and weights retained on each sieve in percentage terms are summed up.

  • what is the meaning of aggregate|what is coarse aggregate

    Apr 21, 2020· Coarse aggregate is aggregate most of which is retained on 4.75 mm sieve As I am too Civil Engineer so one tip for all my new Civil Engineer Readers that, All fine and coarse aggregates proposed for use in the work shall be subject to Engineers approval and after specific materials have been accepted, the source of supply of such materials ...

  • What is a coarse aggregate? - Quora

    Coarse aggregate is the portion of the concrete which is made up of the larger stones embedded in the mix. Concrete contains three ingredients; Water, cement, and aggregate. That aggregate is made of fine sand and coarse gravel. 8.2K views

  • A Detailed Guide on Grading of Aggregates.

    Grading of aggregates is determining the average grain size of the aggregates before they are used in construction. This is applied to both coarse and fine aggregates. The aggregate sample is sieved through a set of sieves and weights retained on each sieve in percentage terms are summed up.

  • Aggregate | building material | Britannica

    Aggregates are generally designated as either fine (ranging in size from 0.025 to 6.5 mm [0.001 to 0.25 inch]) or coarse (from 6.5 to 38 mm [0.25 to 1.5 inch] or larger). All aggregate materials must be clean and free from admixture with soft particles

  • Aggregates - Types of Aggregates | Coarse Aggregate, Fine ...

    Mar 01, 2017· Aggregates are coarse particulate rock-like material consisting of a collection of particles ranging in size from < 0.1 mm to > 50 mm. It includes gravel, crushed rock, sand, recycled concrete, slag, and synthetic aggregate.

  • Difference Between Fine and Coarse Aggregate - Civil ...

    Aggregates are essential components of concrete. They act as inert material in concrete. Fine aggregate and coarse aggregate are two main types of aggregate for concrete. As the name indicates, they are basically classified depending on the sizes of aggregate particles.

  • Difference between Fine Aggregate & Coarse Aggregate ...

    Fine aggregate Vs Coarse Aggregate. Both are filler materials used in concrete mixtures but the material formed by a mixture of smaller particles of grains and minerals is called as fine aggregate, and the material including gravels, cobble, and boulders is known as the coarse aggregate.

  • Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates1

    describe the aggregate to be used in the project from the applicable items in 4.3. 4.2 Include in the purchase order for aggregates the follow-ing information, as applicable: 4.2.1 Reference to this specification, as C 33____, 4.2.2 Whether the order is for fine aggregate or for coarse aggregate, 4.2.3 Quantity, in metric tons or tons,

  • Coarse-aggregate Factor | Glossary - Kryton

    Coarse-aggregate Factor. the ratio, expressed as a decimal, of the amount (mass or solid volume) of coarse aggregate in a unit volume of well-proportioned concrete to the amount of dry-rodded coarse aggregate compacted into the same volume ( b / b o ).

  • Classification of Aggregates as per Size and Shape -Coarse ...

    Jul 22, 2016· Coarse Aggregate When the aggregate is sieved through 4.75mm sieve, the aggregate retained is called coarse aggregate. Gravel, cobble and boulders come under this category. The maximum size aggregate used may be dependent upon some conditions.

  • Replacement Of Coarse Aggregate In Concrete - [Civil Planets]

    Fine aggregate; Coarse aggregate; When the aggregate particle is not passed through the 4.75mm sieve as per IS standard is called coarse aggregate. The size of fine aggregate particles is less than 4.75mm. Why is the replacement material required instead of coarse aggregate? The cement, sand & coarse aggregates are the vital material in ...

  • Size & Grading Requirements for Coarse Aggregates

    * Gradation Numbers 24, 25, 3, 4A, and 4 are main line ballast materials * Gradation Numbers 5 and 57 are yard ballast materials. 2. Old Pa # = The old Pennsylvania Department of Transportation reference to aggregate

  • How Coarse Aggregate Affects Mix Design of Concrete?

    Coarse aggregate is one of the essential components of concrete and occupies the largest volume in the mix. That is why it greatly affects the concrete mix design. Its properties such as strength, maximum size, shape, and water absorption influence water demand, the quantity of cement and fine aggregate in concrete mixture.


    Coarse aggregate typically occupies over one-third of the volume of concrete, and research indicates that changes in coarse aggregate can change the strength and fracture properties of concrete. To predict the behavior of concrete under general loading requires an understanding of the effects of aggregate type, aggregate size, and ...

  • Aggregates 101 - Common Aggregates in PA

    Aggregate: A mixture of coarse to fine-grained particulate material used in construction, typically including sand, gravel, and crushed stone. Aggregates 101 - Common Aggregates in PA Aggregate sieves used to separate material by size (gradation). passes through a 4

  • What is a Concrete Aggregate? (with pictures)

    Feb 24, 2021· Using aggregate makes concrete much stronger, with the aggregate acting as a type of reinforcement. The aggregate increases the lifetime of the concrete, and makes it more durable. Contractors can choose from fine aggregates, made from small particles of material, and coarse aggregates, which are made with large chunks.

  • Inspection & Sampling Procedures for Fine & Coarse

    No. 2 coarse aggregate 220 lb No. 5 coarse aggregate 110 lb No. 8 coarse aggregate 55 lb No. 9 coarse aggregate 35 lb No. 11 & No. 12 coarse aggregate 25 lb No. 43 coarse aggregate 110 lb No. 53 coarse aggregate 135 lb No. 73 coarse aggregate 80 lb 2 in. Structure Backfill 245 lb 1 1/2 in. Structure Backfill 190 lb

  • Different Types & Sizes of Aggregate for Concrete ...

    Aug 11, 2018· Coarse aggregates are particulates that are greater than 9.5mm. The usual range employed is between 9.5mm and 37.5mm in diameter. Typically the most common size of aggregate used in construction is 20mm. A larger size, 40mm, is more common in mass concrete. Larger aggregate diameters reduce the quantity of cement and water needed

  • What is Crushed Aggregate? (with pictures)

    Jan 19, 2021· Coarse crushed aggregate is commonly used in landscaping designs. All aggregate is divided into two types: fine and coarse. Fine aggregate is broken up into smaller pieces than coarse aggregate. When put through a separator or aggregate washer, coarse crushed aggregate will pass through a 3-inch (7.62-cm) sieve but will not go through a No. 4 ...

  • Sieve Analysis of Coarse and Fine Aggregates

    Aug 31, 2020· Combined gradation means fine and coarse aggregates are combined (friction at many points, good interlocking, and few voids, economical). Gap grading is a grading in which one or more intermediate sizes are omitted in order to achieve a desired texture of concrete especially in architectural works


    COARSE AGGREGATE . 901-1 General. 901-1.1 Composition: Coarse aggregate shall consist of naturally occurring materials such as gravel, or resulting from the crushing of parent rock, to include natural rock, slags, expanded clays and shales (lightweight aggregates) and